Disability Impacts ALL of US

People living with disabilities are at an elevated risk for nutritional based issues (Humphries et al., 2009). These issues stem from under- or over-eating, a deficit in nutritional education and negative medication related side effects. These nutritional deficiencies may be associated to the heightened risk for chronic cardiac, neurological, bone, vision, and hyposmia diseases later in life (Van Riper, 2010). As mentioned in the physical activity section, people with disabilities commonly participate in less exercise than those without disabilities. Modest weight loss through dietary alterations to control glucose levels have shown that even a small weight loss can lead to significantly safer blood pressure levels and ability to control glucose (Bazzano et al., 2009). This was seen in weight losses as small as 5% of body weight. Also, as seen with lower levels of physical activity, poor nutritional practices can lead to increased levels of obesity, which are associated to elevated medical costs (Rimmer & Yamaki, 2006).